Understanding the colonoscopy test

A colonoscopy can show a doctor many things that may be going on in your belly. This procedure can detect the reasons behind bloody stools or stomach pain, and even be used to treat certain conditions. With help from your Houston, TX gastroenterologist, Dr. Vikram S. Jayanty, you can understand how colonoscopies work and what they Colonoscopydiagnose and treat.

What is a colonoscopy? 
A colonoscopy detects abnormalities in the lining of the colon. The procedure uses a flexible tube inserted into the anus and through the rectum into the colon. A small video camera located on the end of the tube allows doctors to take pictures or videos of their findings. In order for the procedure to be accurate, the colon must be completely clean. Your doctor will give you detailed instructions before your appointment. They will include dietary restrictions and other ways to cleanse the colon in the days leading up to your appointment. This step is crucial for your doctor to be able to diagnose any issues. The dietary restrictions are so important that, if they are not followed exactly, your appointment may be canceled or rescheduled.

What can a colonoscopy detect? 
Colonoscopies are often utilized to detect the following:

  • ulcers
  • polyps
  • tumors
  • inflamed areas
  • bleeding
  • causes of blood in the stool, chronic diarrhea, unexplained weight loss, or iron deficiency

Colonoscopies are utilized in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD. Special tools can be threaded through the tube to inspect, collect biopsies or even remove abnormalities that your doctor may find. These tools can also remove growths or tumors, if necessary.

If you are suffering from stomach issues, you may be in need of a colonoscopy. Please contact Dr. Vikram S. Jayanty, M.D. in Houston, TX. Call (713) 932-9200 to speak with a staff member about scheduling your appointment. With the right consultation, you and your gastroenterologist can work together to decide if a colonoscopy procedure is the best choice for you.

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